ABDOMINAL PLASTIC SURGERY– Abdominoplasties
Abdominoplasty (or “tummy tuck”) is one of the first aesthetic operations that was practiced in the plastic surgery specialty. It corrects two basic deformities: abdominal slough and excess skin and fat.
Tissue excess, skin flaccidity, etc. are generally the consequence of pregnancy or weight loss following obesity.
In cases of pregnancy, the excessive tissue distention results in great skin dilation which does not retract after childbirth and leads to retraction of the abdominal muscles that support the abdominal viscerae, resulting in a bulging abdomen.
The treatment consists of a wide incision at the lower abdomen, as in a C-section, extended to the sides and always positioned within the skin fold on the lower abdomen, a location identified with the patient in a seating position.
Following this incision, the entire skin is undermined with the adjoining fat towards the rib cage, up to where is necessary. On this operative session, the abdominal rectus muscle will be approximated, will recover its original anatomy and reshape the “waist of the abdomen”.
The excessive skin is tractioned, the exceeding tissues are removed and the navel that was attached to the deep plane will be re-implanted on its new site on the skin. This operation will result in a less bulging abdomen, with no excess skin and with a final incision at the lower abdomen and another circling the navel. These scars will develop to their final stage, flat and smooth, in approximately 18 months.
Association to liposculpture
With the emergence of liposuction, this procedure was almost obligatorily associated with abdominoplasty. It is about thinning the excess tissue after the traction and removal of excess skin and fat within it.
It happens that the liposuction associated with abdominoplasty, although indispensable nowadays, (abdominoplasty is always associated with liposuction), should not be utilized to its maximum intensity, due to the risk of damaging the vascularization of the tissues and thus impair its ability to scar and heal. Thus, combining these will always be more economical than the liposuction practiced separately.
Abdominoplasty should be undergone after the patient has already borne children, although nothing prevents them from getting pregnant after the surgery. In case of a new pregnancy, the results of the previous operation will be altered, leading to new corrections.
This same surgery is applied to obese patients, male or female, who develop drooping tissues on the lower abdomen. The operation can be limited to a simple skin removal, with no need of treating the muscles.
The expected hospitalization time is 24 hours. The patient will walk a bit inclined in the first 3 to 4 days, and should be able to straighten up in normal position on the fourth day. With ten to fourteen days, you can retake almost all functions except major physical demanding ones or sports. The ability to do sports and sun exposure, will be possible again 30 days after surgery.
Abdominoplasty has had a great progress with the onset of abdominal liposuction that when associated brings more desirable results since the residual tissues lose weight and enables smaller scars.